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BAHAWALPUR: PTI leader Malik Asghar Joiya has said that India had faced worldwide defeat over Kashmir issue. According to a press release issued here, he said that India faced defeat and loneliness at international level after most of members of the United Nations criticised India for its brutalities, which it committed against innocent people of Kashmir.

“Now, Indian diplomacy had been facing defeat at international level including at the platform of the United Nations after international community condemned India for its brutal actions in Indian occupied Kashmir,” he said.

He said that due to curfew and blockade carried out by Indian security forces in Indian held Kashmir, innocent Kashmiris had been facing shortage of food and medicines. He appealed international community to pressurise India to end curfew in the IHK.

 
 
 
 
 
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Taxation
Pakistan Tax Advisors Association (PTAA) has urged the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to avoid putting pressure on taxpayers, tax consultants, advocates and chartered accountants to ensure filing of 2.5 million income tax returns by September 30, 2019.According to a communication of PTAA Chairman Javed Iqbal Qazi with the FBR on Wednesday, with reference to the directions issued vide C. No. 2(1) cond/I.Tax/2018 dated 05.09.2019 by the Member Operations Inland Revenue to all Chief Commissioner Inland Revenue regarding extension of income tax returns/wealth statements conditionally for Tax Year 2019, it is submitted that this circular/letter is premature at this stage as firstly, the FBR has to allow 92 days from the date of putting the correct/ functional income tax return/wealth statement on the IRIS system for filing and then the question of extension of income tax return will arise.

At present, taxpayers have started filing returns through their authorized representatives although the system has a few functional problems, Qazi said.

The chairman PTAA noted that 2.5 million income tax returns were filed up to August 9, 2019 and the FBR expects that 2.5 m returns also be filed within 19 days till September 30. Last year 405 days were allowed to the tax payers and 2.5 million returns were filed.

This year FBR is putting pressure on all the tax payers, tax consultants, advocates & chartered accountants to achieve the desired target which is not possible in any case up to 30.09.2019.Instead of putting the correct income tax return/wealth statement on 1st of July, 2019 on IRIS System, the FBR has proved its worth by building/putting the pressure on the tax payers & relevant personnel which is not only unlawful but all also against the principle of natural justice and fair play, the chairman PTAA stated.

Through this letter the PTAA is also requesting the Prime Minister to redress this problem in the interest of the revenue based on the rights due to the taxpayers under the Constitution and Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 and FBR be directed to extend the date of submission of income tax returns/wealth statements to December 15, 2019 instead of September 30, 2019, Qazi added.
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Taxation
Chairman Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Shabbar Zaidi said on Monday that FBR joint teams visited leading malls at Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad for verification of import documents of imported goods being sold at these outlets. According to a tweet of Zaidi, “FBR teams Monday visited Dolman Centre, Karachi, Emporium Mall Lahore and Centaurus Mall Islamabad as a part of tax expansion and anti-smuggling drive. On behalf of FBR I thank for courtesy and cooperation. Let us develop ‘tax culture’ in the country. Anti-smuggling drive will continue and expand.”

The FBR said, “This exercise does not represent ‘raid’ on the premises or any coercive action against the traders. The purpose of this exercise is only to ensure that relevant import documents are available and foreign goods available for sale are properly backed by documents.”

“It has been decided that such exercises will be undertaken on ‘test’ check basis. All teams will be conducting respective identification as being officially designated and the team will be headed by a senior person. In case if for any reason such documents are not readily available at the shops/offices then teams will provide adequate opportunity to submit the document in the respective offices/ shops after reasonable time,” the FBR added.
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Taxation
All sales tax refunds due from July 1, 2019 would be paid from the current revenue stream of the Federal Board of Revenue and the Treasury would not be involved. This was revealed by a high-level source in the FBR to Business Recorder and confirmed by the Ministry of Finance.

The Ministry of Finance will not allocate any sum(s) for payment of sales tax refunds, the source added, because refunds are not an expenditure item; net revenue after the payment of sales tax refunds would be reported to the Ministry of Finance. Effective the week beginning 26 August the FBR would begin the process of repayment of refunds through the Fully Automated Sales Tax e-Refund (FASTER).

Under the new system notified by the FBR, the FBR will issue next batch of sales tax refunds to exporters of five export-oriented sectors by electronically communicating Refund Payment Orders (RPOs) to the State Bank of Pakistan within 72 hours of submission of claim for onward advice to banks for credit into the claimants’ bank accounts. According to the FBR, the refund payment order (RPO) of the amount found admissible shall be generated and the same shall be electronically communicated direct to the State Bank of Pakistan, within 72 hours of submission of claim, for onward advice to the respective banks for credit into the notified account of the claimant. In case of refund claim of a commercial exporter, the payment of such refund shall be made after the realisation of export proceeds.Meanwhile, Towel Manufacturers’ Association of Pakistan has overwhelmingly rejected the new refund procedure for five export-oriented sectors under SRO 918(I)/2019.

It has requested the FBR for payment of 17 percent sales tax from separate exporters escrow account.

The association has approached Abdul Hafeez Shaikh, Advisor to Prime Minister on Finance and Revenue, Abdul Razak Dawood, Advisor on Commerce and Textile to Prime Minister, and Chairman FBR Shabbar Zaidi, highlighting pros and cons of the refund mechanism.

The association has requested to consult association before finalising refund mechanism to exporters.

Being an almost 100 percent export-oriented industry, the towel manufacturers foresees severe cash flow crunch for their exporters and predicts decrease in towel exports due to the sales tax refund mechanism outlined in the SRO.

Firstly, the requirement of the complex natured Annexure-H form will create delays for the exporting companies in filling their returns. The association urges the FBR to utilise the Annexure-H for the post audit purpose only and not for the purpose of pre-verification of the refund claim.

Secondly, the association firmly believes if the collected sales tax refunds from the exporters go into the government revenue stream, the government will not be able to return the collected fund to the exporters in a timely manner, thus creating sever liquidity crunch for the exporting industries.Thirdly, for this reason the current collected sales tax funds from the exporters should be kept in separate escrow account with complete visibility to the exporters and the refunds should be routed timely to the exporters from this escrow account only.

The association urged the FBR to consult with the association in order to devise a suitable refund mechanism which the industry can survive and grow its exports from Pakistan.

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Taxation
The Federal Board of Revenue has issued a circular wherein the directions of Chairman FBR have been conveyed to all the field offices of Customs and Inland Revenue to ensure basic facilities at field offices for the taxpayers and visiting people.

According to the circular, the FBR chairman has directed all the field offices to extend necessary courtesy and respect to the visiting taxpayers and people. It has been directed to ensure proper seating areas and availability of drinking water for the visitors.

The cleanliness must be ensured in the office premises. A separate parking area may be marked for the officers, tax practitioners, chartered accountants and lawyers. CCTV cameras may be monitored regularly and security arrangements may strictly be ensured.

All the field officers have been directed to monitor arrangements in their respective premises. Moreover, the circular further says that all the field officers may become a part of government’s clean and green campaign and plant trees in the office vicinity and residential colonies. The spot checking will be conducted by the board officers any time to ensure implementation of all the arrangements.-PR
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Taxation
Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Tuesday specified conditions to determine how a foreign company operating in Pakistan is considered as a Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) for the purpose of taxation. The FBR has issued circular 13 of 2019 to explain the section 109A of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001.

The FBR said that a new section 109A has been introduced by Finance Act, 2018, which is effective from 1st July, 2018. Return for tax year 2019 will be the first year when provision of this section will become applicable. This section states that taxable income of resident person shall include income attributable to a “Controlled Foreign Company (CFC)”.

In ordinary sense, income of a foreign company owned by a Pakistani resident is ‘taxable’ in Pakistan only when such income is ‘received’ from that non-resident entity. Section 109A(1) of the Ordinance is a deeming provision which essentially creates legal fiction resulting

in following exceptions: Corporate veil is pierced and income of a ‘company’ is deemed to be the income of controlling entity and income is taxed in the year it is ‘earned’ not when it is actually ‘received’. This is the consequence of the first action because when corporate veil is pierced the income becomes taxable when earned.In order to determine that a foreign company is a Controlled Foreign Company (CFC) either of the two conditions regarding control of the resident over foreign company has to be fulfilled:-

i) more than fifty percent of the capital or voting rights of the non-resident company are held, directly or indirectly, by one or more persons resident in Pakistan; or ii) more than forty percent of the capital of the or voting rights of the non-resident company are held, directly or indirectly, by a single resident person in Pakistan. However, a foreign entity which fulfills either of the above condition, cannot be treated as a CFC if:-

i) the shares of the company are traded on any stock exchange recognized by law of the country or jurisdiction of which the non-resident company is resident for tax purposes.

ii) the non-resident company derives active business income as defined under sub-section (3) of section 109A.

iii) tax paid, after taking into account any foreign tax credits available to the non-resident company, on the income derived or accrued, during a foreign tax year, by the nonresident company to any tax authority outside Pakistan is less than sixty percent of the tax payable on the said income under this Ordinance, FBR said.The concept of Active Business Income revealed that the “Active Income” for the purpose of exclusion from CFC regime requires simultaneous fulfillment of two conditions:-

i) cumulative income from dividend, interest, property, capital gains, royalty, annuity payment, supply of goods or services to an associate, sale or licensing of intangibles and management, holding or investment in securities and financial assets is less than 20% of the total income of the said company and ii) principal source of the company is under the head “income from business” in the country or jurisdiction of which it is a resident.

The FBR said that term ‘direct control’ refers to direct ownership of capital or voting rights in the foreign entity. However the term ‘indirect control’ is very wide in its connotation. It includes indirect control by a company through subsidiary companies in which the resident person holds capital or voting rights but also includes other companies in which the resident person exercises control through ownership of capital or voting rights.

The FBR said that the second question after determining a CFC is to determine the ‘attributable CFC Income’ taxable under Section 109A(1) of the Ordinance in the hand of resident person. The taxable income is income generated by a controlled company that should have been taxed ‘when earned’ instead of ‘when distributed’. The attributable income of the resident person shall be determined by comparing the percentage of control (whether direct or indirect) held by the said person over the CFC. This issue is simple to understand in this illustration where the structure is single layered.

The FBR said that certain other exclusions have also been prescribed by law which are income of a controlled foreign company shall be treated as zero, if it is less than ten million Rupees and if direct/indirect capital or voting right held by the resident person is less than 10% in the Foreign entity.The FBR said that other relevant rules revealed that the income of a CFC shall be determined in the currency of that controlled foreign company and shall be included in the income of any resident person during any tax year by converting into Rupees at the State Bank of Pakistan rate applying between that foreign currency and the Rupee on the last day of the tax year.

Foreign tax year, in relation to a non-resident company, means any year or period of reporting for income tax purposes by that non-resident company in the country of residence or, if that company is not subject to income tax, any annual period of financial reporting by that company, FBR said.

The income attributable to controlled foreign company under section 109A shall not be taxed again when the same income is received in Pakistan by the resident taxpayer. Where tax has been paid by the resident person on the income attributable to controlled foreign company and in a subsequent tax year the resident person receives dividend distributed by the controlled foreign company, after deduction of tax on dividend, the resident person shall be allowed a tax credit equal to the lesser of foreign tax paid, as defined in sub-section (8) of section 103, on dividends and Pakistan tax payable, as defined in section 103, for the tax year in which the dividend is received by the resident taxpayer, FBR added.

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Taxation
The government has said that it has got access to the data of over 600 Pakistanis who have $ 7-8 billion in their accounts through automatic exchange of information under the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This was told by Chairman Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Shabbar Zaidi to media person outside the committee room where a meeting was chaired by MNA Asad Umar and FBR made a presentation on the very matter. The chairman FBR added that the government has got access to the information of Pakistanis holding accounts having $7-8 billion.

He, however, regretted that the UAE is not sharing information about Pakistanis, especially those who hold Iqama (work permit), but stated that “we are trying to break this barrier to get access to information.” Asad Umar who chaired the committee told media persons after the meeting that majority of those having over $1 million in their accounts have $5 billion in their foreign accounts. The meeting was informed that Pakistanis having $1 million or above abroad have 378 accounts, those having $750,000 to $1,000,000 have 123 accounts while those Pakistanis having $500,000 to $ 750,000 in their accounts are 154 in number.The meeting was further informed that 453 cases have been sent to the commissioners while 247 are available for tax proceeding and FBR plans to dispose of them by October 30, 2019. The meeting was further told that 115 foreign account holders benefited from 2018 amnesty scheme and 72 got benefit from 2019 amnesty scheme. The director general (international taxation) FBR briefed the committee with regard to automatic exchange of information, data received from OECD and its follow-up plan. After detailed presentation, the committee decided to take briefing from the FBR after October 30 2019 after it will initiate tax proceeding against defaulters.

The committee discussed the agenda pertaining to the recommendations of the Special Committee on Agricultural Products to uplift agriculture development in the country. The secretary Ministry of National Food Security & Research informed the committee that Ministry of National Food Security has worked out various projects under the vision of agriculture emergency for the development of agriculture sector.

Syed Fakhar Imam, convener of the Special Committee on Agricultural Products, stated that agro-economy has been paralysed due to lack of research work. He was of the opinion that major portion of allocated funds by the government is utilised for salaries and other administrative business instead of research work. The secretary Ministry of National Food Security & Research informed that government has not allocated required funds of Rs 5 million for research during current financial year 2019-20.The committee recommended to Ministry of Finance for providing the required funds on priority basis. The secretary finance assured the committee that Rs 1 billion would be allocated to Ministry for National Food Security & Research for research work in the second quarter of this financial year. The committee also recommended that Special Committee on Agricultural Products constituted by the Prime Minister will monitor the final allocation of funds for research.

Asad Umar drew the attention of the committee and finance secretary towards the decision made by the cabinet in its meeting held in January 2019 with regard to 50% reduction in Gas Infrastructure Development Cess (GIDC), particularly for the fertilizer sector. The committee meeting also directed the Ministry of Finance to expedite the matter and submit report to this committee at the earliest.

While talking about the sugar situation in Pakistan, it was said that sudden skyrocketing of the price of sugar in the current year still appears to be an anomaly given that the supply of sugar still appears to be in excess of its demand. The committee recommended that CCOP will deliver comprehensive briefing on the working and functioning of the Commission. The committee members expressed their concern on the PFMA cartel and sugar sector.
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Taxation
Several government departments including Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) have conveyed to the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) that the Pakistani authorities are learning from international experience and best practices of Korea in the fields of agriculture, livestock, taxation and other areas.

This has been disclosed by tax officials during the Knowledge Sharing Workshop held by the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Pakistan office. Beside other government departments, the FBR officials also participated in the workshop. KOICA Alumni Association of Pakistan vice president Naveed Ahmad, Kwon Eunjin Young Professional of KOICA and programme coordinator Muhammad Ali Raza hosted the workshop.

Naveed Ahmad conveyed the sentiments of love and friendship to Korean people from the people of Pakistan. He introduced all the participants to each other and expressed his regards to KOICA Pakistan Office for arranging this fruitful knowledge sharing workshop.

Following introductory session, FBR Deputy Commissioner Qayyum Rani gave a presentation on the topic “Experience of a life time Korea, KOICA-KU”. She shared her experiences regarding her exposure and learning in Korea and useful of that experience after return to Pakistan. Muhammad Qaseem, director animal health from livestock department Lahore gave a presentation on the topic “Enhancing Efficiency of Livestock Sector in Punjab, Pakistan, lessons learnt from Korea”. He explained that after the training from Korea, he contributed a lot for the development of helpline service (9211) for Pakistani farmer.Najeeb Aslam, Deputy Director Local Government and Rural Development Department Lahore shared his work in development of model village in Punjab after attended the training course on Samuel Movement from Korea.
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Taxation
Chairman Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Shabbar Zaidi directed Customs Intelligence on Monday to intensify operations against smugglers, warehouses storing smuggled goods, outlets openly selling smuggled items and check revenue leakage through ports. Sources told Business Recorder here on Monday that the FBR chairman visited Directorate General of intelligence and Investigation (Customs) to get briefing on anti-smuggling activities.

Senior officials of the agency briefed the chairman on the anti-smuggling actions and future strategy in this regard. Overall briefing was focused on working of the directorate. Tax authorities reviewed the agency’s performance and directed them to focus their energies on anti-smuggling and check any possible evasion through ports, sources said.

Shabbar Zaidi has also directed the agency to effectively implement the anti-smuggling strategy at ports. On Monday, the FBR took action against several customs officers. Meanwhile, the FBR had completed disciplinary proceedings under Government Servants (Efficiency & Discipline) Rules, 1973 against Nasir Iqbal, Inspector (BS-16) (posted as Examining Officer) in Model Customs Collectorate (Appraisement-West), Karachi.
The FBR has also imposed major penalty of “Compulsory Retirement” upon Rao Muhammad Aslam, Appraising Officer (BS-16), Model Customs Collectorate of Appraisement-East, Karachi under rule 4(1)(b)(ii) of the Government Servants (Efficiency & Discipline) Rules, 1973 with immediate effect.

In another case, the FBR also imposed the major penalty of “Reduction to the lower post of Appraising Officer” upon Amir Ahmad Samoo, Principal Appraiser under rule 4(1)(b)(i) of the Government Servants (Efficiency & Discipline) Rules, 1973 with immediate effect.

His Performance Allowance shall be stopped for one year from the date of award of penalty as provided in Para 7(iii) of the Performance Allowance Guidelines, 2015 and he will have to appear afresh for restoration of the same. The FBR also imposed the major penalty of “Reduction to the lower post of UDC” upon Qamar Jamal, Appraising Officer under rule 4(1)(b)(i) of the Government Servants (Efficiency & Discipline) Rules, 1973 with immediate effect. His Performance Allowance shall be stopped for one year from the date of award of penalty as provided in Para 7(iii) of the Performance Allowance Guidelines, 2015 and he will have to appear afresh for restoration of the same.In exercise of powers conferred under Rule 5(1) of the Government Servants (Efficiency & Discipline) Rules 1973, the Competent Authority has placed Gul Sher Ahmed Zehri, Inspector (BS-16), Model Customs Collectorate of Preventive, Quetta, under suspension with immediate effect for a period of three months.
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Uncategorized
The trade war between the United States and China escalated on Friday as Beijing threatened to unleash “countermeasures” against US plans to impose tariffs on $300 billion in Chinese goods. President Donald Trump jolted global stock markets as he issued the threat just a day after US and Chinese trade negotiators revived talks aimed at ending the year-long dispute.”China expresses its strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition to this,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said at a regular press briefing. “If the US implements the tariff measures, China will have to take necessary counter-measures to resolutely defend the core interests of the country and its people,” Hua said, adding that Beijing did not want a trade war “but is not afraid to fight one if necessary”.

She did not specify what kind of measures China would take, but in the past Beijing has hinted that it could restrict exports of rare earths that are vital to the US technology industry, and it is also drawing up a blacklist of “unreliable” foreign companies. Trump’s announcement means virtually all of the $660 billion in annual two-way trade between the world’s two biggest economies will have tariffs on it.

China has imposed tariffs on $110 billion in American goods, almost all of the products it imports from the US. Trump said 10 percent duties on $300 billion will take effect September 1, and come on top of the 25 percent tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese imports already in place.

Trump later raised the possibility he could increase the duties to “well beyond” 25 percent. “The 10 percent is… for a short-term period and then I can always do much more or I can do less, depending on what happens with respect to a deal,” he said at the White House. After resuming face-to-face talks in Shanghai this week, trade negotiators were set to reconvene in Washington in early September for another round of discussions, which means they will take place just after the new tariffs take effect.”Slapping on tariffs is definitely not a constructive way to resolve economic and trade frictions, it’s not the correct way,” Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on the sidelines of a regional meeting of top diplomats in Bangkok on Friday. Craig Allen, president of the US-China Business Council, said his group was concerned that the new tariffs “will drive the Chinese from the negotiating table”.

The council is also worried about the potential Chinese retaliation. “We are particularly concerned about increased regulatory scrutiny, delays in licenses and approvals, and discrimination against US companies in government procurement tenders,” Allen said. When he announced the tariffs on Twitter, Trump said Beijing had agreed “to buy agricultural product from the US in large quantities but did not do so”.

Just hours earlier, China had said it had started to make more purchases of US farm goods. “Additionally, my friend President Xi said that he would stop the sale of fentanyl to the United States – this never happened, and many Americans continue to die!” Trump said, referring to the highly potent and addictive opioid. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo directed more criticism at China at the meeting of Southeast Asian nations that Wang also attended in Bangkok.

“China has taken advantage of trade… It’s time for that to stop,” Pompeo said, accusing Beijing of “protectionism” and “predatory tactics” to give its companies an advantage in global markets. Washington has accused China of using a state-directed economic model, unfairly subsidising production and stealing US technology. Trade relations with China have swung between progress and disaster, appearing to collapse in May only to be revived two months later after Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed to a truce at a meeting in June.”We expect this (tariffs) step to make China less keen to achieve a deal and more determined to prepare itself for long-term economic tension with the US,” Oxford Economics said in a note. The Chinese commerce ministry said in a statement that the new tariffs are a “serious violation” of the ceasefire.

“The core motivation is the talks clearly weren’t going to go anywhere without more pressure on the Chinese,” said Derek Scissors, an expert on US-China economic ties at the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank. “Of course, they could react badly now and the talks could end entirely. It’s a measured risk,” he told AFP.

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